Any permanent resident or citizen of Canada 18 or over may apply for their PAL (and upgrade to an RPAL). Non-residents in Canada are also eligible to apply as well, however the RCMP may request a letter of good conduct from their home country (or other pertinent details) later on in the application process.

Those under 18 but at least 12 years old may apply for a Minor’s License which permits borrowing of Non-Restricted firearms for target practice, organized shooting competitions, hunting, and instruction in the use of firearms. A Minor’s License also permits the acquisition of ammunition, unless there is an age restriction under provincial or territorial law (generally stores won’t sell to minors in practice, though).

Minors are not allowed to take the Restricted course until the day they turn 18 – so no longer a minor.